ANALYSIS OF APPROACHES USED FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS
A.V. Shapovalov, A.P. Preobrazhenskiy, O.N. Choporov
The paper discusses the features of solving problems related to the processes of project management in organizations. The characteristics of companies using the project approach are given. The formulation of the problem associated with the choice of projects from a variety of alternatives is given. It is demonstrated how the characteristics of the projects are evaluated. The strategy of the organization affects the maximum number of project options possible with the formed portfolio of projects. The methodology and approaches used in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of projects: the method of multi-criteria evaluation, linear programming model 0-1 Integer, integer programming model. In order to effectively manage project portfolios, it is proposed to select a set of parameters from the point of view of which there should be an assessment of projects and their portfolios in the process of deciding on the inclusion of projects in portfolios or in the selection of portfolios. Project optimization models in companies are based on the methodology of operations research. Through a combination of optimization methods and decision-making methods, you can select the desired set of projects that lead to maximum benefit. Restrictions in the formed multicriteria problem can be different, for example technological, resource.
Keywords: :project, management, project portfolio, optimization methods.
MANAGEMENT OF FUNDS ALLOCATION OF AN EDUCATIONAL
The article presents the expert optimization approach to improving the efficiency of funds allocation management in an educational organization, which is a combination of intelligent technologies, analytical and numerical methods. It is suggested that managerial decisions should be focused on the objectives of funds allocation and development strategy of the educational organization. Achievement of these goals is provided by the use of expert-optimization approach in the tasks of funds allocation between the budgeting objects. The functional funds allocation among school business processes is carried out with the use of an expert knowledge model of transforming the results of a SWOT analysis of building membership functions of vague relationships. The budget allocation of income and expenses between the centers of financial reporting is implemented on the basis of expert assessment with the use of linguistic variables and a formalized model of multi-alternative optimization. For the allocation of the investment budget among the educational organization development projects, a preliminary expert analysis of management accounting mechanisms with a transition to the multi-alternative optimization task is used.
Keywords: :management, funds allocation, expert-optimization approach, linguistic variables, management accounting, multi-alternative optimization.
MODELING OF COUNTERACTION TO DESTRUCTIVE INFLUENCE IN SOCIAL NETWORKS
V. A. Minaev, M. P. Sychev, L.S. Kulikov, E.V. Vaitz
In the last decade, the activity of both foreign centers and various groups of influences within the country on the organization of destructive impacts on Russian society and its social groups, especially youth, in order to destabilize the domestic political, socio-economic and criminal situation has significantly increased in social networks. That is why in the Doctrine of information security of the Russian Federation information and psychological effects (IPE) are called important negative factors affecting the state of information security (IS). In this regard, the creation of models to counter destructive information impacts (DII) of manipulative nature in social networks, assessment and forecasting of their impact on social groups are at the present stage actual management tasks. The system-dynamic model of information counteraction of DII in social networks is considered. Its application for the purposes of counteraction to information terrorism, extremism and other destructive influences on modern society by means of information networks is proved. The description of the model in the form of flowcharts in the designations of system dynamics is given. Systems of differential equations are shown. Simulation experiments with models using the promising Anylogic platform were carried out. The model make it possible to forecast DII taking into account the factor of counteraction in social networks, to play different scenarios of the dynamics of these interrelated processes.
Keywords: : simulation modeling, destructive information impact, counteraction, management, social network.
MODELING MANIPULATIVE INFLUENCES IN SOCIAL NETWORKS
V. A. Minaev, M. P. Sychev, L.S. Kulikov, E.V. Vaitz
In the Doctrine of information security of the Russian Federation the main negative factors affecting the state of information security (IS), called informational and technical influences (ITI) and information and psychological influences (IPI). Therefore, modeling, evaluation and forecasting of information influences (II) on social groups and organizing of the corresponding information counteraction (ICA) are urgent tasks of management. The system-dynamic models of information influences in social networks and groups are considered. Their application for purposes of counteraction to information terrorism and extremism is proved. The description in the form of flowcharts is given. Systems of differential equations are presented. Experiments with models using the advanced simulation platform Anylogic were carried out. In a sample of Russian settlements based on cluster analysis found homogeneous typological groups that differ in the average time of transmission of information in social networks. Based on Gibbs ‘ postulate, the system-dynamic model of information influences among students has been successfully tested. The high consistency of simulation results with empirical data (determination coefficients of at least 90%) is shown. Models allow you to forecast the II and ICA and to play different scenarios of the dynamics of these processes.
Keywords: : simulation modeling, information influences, management, social network, topology, typology, cluster analysis.
A SOFTWARE APPLICATION FOR THE ANALYSIS OF PHASE TRAJECTORY OF DYNAMIC SYSTEM WITH USING OF QUALITATIVE THEORY OF DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS(ON EXAMPLE OF THE ORGANIZATION IN THE MANAGEMENT OF HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES)
UDC 519.688: 332.87
А.А. Popov, А.О. Kuzmina
The purpose of the article is the enhancement of the instruments for automation of the qualitative research of the dynamic system and forecasting values of the parameters, which characterize organization activities in the economy (particularly in the field of management of housing and communal services). In this article, the problem of automation of the analysis of the phase trajectory of the dynamic system is solved (organization of management of housing and communal services), using the qualitative theory of dynamic systems. The research is relevant due to the insufficient level of automation of qualitative research of dynamic systems in the economy with the economic interpretation of research results. Methods of qualitative theory of dynamic systems, which are used, allow forecasting the state of the dynamic system without numerical simulation (for example, integrating differential system, which is a model of the dynamic system). In the article is presented technique, in accordance with research of the phase trajectory of the dynamic system using the software application, was conducted. Types of phase points in the phase plane in accordance with character of behavior of the phase trajectory plane in the neighborhood of the projection of the phase point were identified. By the example of the phase trajectory analysis, which characterizes activity of organization of management of housing and communal services, opportunities of the software application, building of projection of the phase trajectory into the three planes occurs. It was identified that in the phase planes equilibrium states as «stable node» and «stable focus» are missing, but there are equilibrium states such as «unstable node», «unstable focus» and «saddle». The example of detection of the «field of attraction» of the phase trajectory in phase plane is given. Types of «fields of attraction» were identified and economic interpretation for the «fields of attraction» was given. The main directions for the enhancement of the developed software application functionality are formulated. The materials of the article present the practical value for the experts, who are forecasting state of the organization in economy, and particularly in the housing and communal services.
Keywords: : organization, management, housing and utilities, software application, automation, forecasting, qualitative research, dynamic system, phase trajectory, phase point.
HUMAN VALUES IN THE DIGITAL AGE
A. M. Factor, S. G. Kamolov, A. A. Nikandrova
Human values and systems of such values play an important role in human life and society. The individual value system is always linked to the values inherent in society. The article discusses the concepts of values from the point of view of different researchers. It is shown that economic development, cultural and political shifts are interrelated and go hand in hand with the transformation of human perception, human norms and values. In modern postindustrial societies, traditional values are contrasted with secular-rational values. People with such values pay less attention to religion and traditional family values. The digital age in which we live is different from other historical periods. It is shown that the mass digitization of our lives makes people adapt to the new reality. As part of the research, the authors conducted an interactive survey on modern values in the digital age. At the beginning of the survey, it was proposed to select five values that correspond to the most important. Further, respondents were asked to answer the question whether it is important for colleagues to have similar values. The respondents were then asked to choose between the political and economic condition of the country as the most significant factor influencing human values. At the end of the survey, respondents were asked to select five values that they could call typical of the digital era. An interesting finding is that while those in charge consider the family to be one of the most important values, they do not believe that this value will be equally important in the digital age. Thus, an assessment was made of whether classical values will remain unchanged or become inaccessible to people in the digital age.
Keywords: information society, digital epoch, human values, management, digitalization of values, innovations.
ANALYSIS OF STABILITY OF INFORMATION EXCHANGE OF ELEMENTS OF SECURITY SYSTEMS AND FACTORS OF NEGATIVE IMPACTS
UDC 519. 72
V.I. Sumin, O.V. Isaev, M.V. Skulkov
With the purpose of ensuring highly reliable information processing in practice at assessment of stability of functioning of the security systems considered from positions of information structures in the conditions of negative impacts, it is necessary not only to develop new models and algorithms of steady interaction of elements of the specified information sets, but also to consider requirements to efficiency of the information processes proceeding at the same time. Increase in amount of negative impacts on elements of security complexes demands modernization of systems of parrying of negative impacts and also carrying out the analysis of stability of functioning of this sort information structures. The improvement of information structures and optimization of information processes made on the basis of development of adequate models of functioning of systems of complex safety of objects of special importance in the conditions of factors of external influences is a scientific and technical task relevant now which implementation will allow to minimize lag of rates of development of the security equipment and technologies from dynamically improved instruments of destabilization of elements of systems of protection of objects of special importance. Development and the solution of adequate mathematical model of interaction of information structures of security systems and negative impacts are intended to describe dynamics of evolution of their elements on the phase plane of space and taking into account integrated representation of stability conditions and also the second method of Lyapunov to create mathematical model of steady management of information process of interaction of elements of the specified information sets. The task of the analysis of phase portraits of a condition of security complexes as information systems is connected with a research of the attractors representing areas (the phase vicinities) of space consisting of set of concentric circles in the form of a set of the points which are attracting trajectories of evolution of elements of information structures of security systems and indicating areas of their steady functioning.
Keywords: attractor, algorithm, dynamic system, stability, efficiency, information system, information structure, information process, information set, interaction model, management.
THE MULTIPLE CHOICE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DEVELOPING SYSTEMS
D. A. Nedosekin
In this paper we consider the problem of developing control related systems (CRS). They affect the way in which development is carried out adjacent to high technology systems. The article focused on the creation of algorithmic procedures, allowing for the management of CRS. The choice of a promising option in the optimization problem comes from the fact that ITT system is a progressive system in the structure of CRS. In procedure identified and described three modules. The block diagram of the algorithmic procedure of control selection boundary conditions for the development of a singly linked system and a block diagram of the algorithmic procedures for the management of reallocation of the financial resource of the base system. Procedure multialternative choice has the character of formalizing expert knowledge in the form of grades compatible promising directions of development of promotion system and can achieve effective interaction of all components connected developing system. The choice of option a valid boundary conditions for the development of information and telecommunication technologies (ITT) in the region is carried out by experts on the basis of a comparison of dominant strategies. Analyzed the sample statistics over a certain period of development component of the ITT in the period that gave opportunity to confirm the performance optimization.
Keywords: :decision making, system, multialternative aggregation, optimization, management, model, algorithm.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS OF SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF CHOICE OF MANAGEMENT DECISIONS BASED ON OPTIMIZATION APPROACH
A. A. Zhilina, V. N. Kostrova, Y. P. Preobrazhenskiy
In this paper the analysis of a general statement of the optimization problem associated with the choice of managerial decisions. The development of techniques that allow a static analysis of the organizational structure of enterprises involving graph approach and the method of structural matrices is carried out. A graph describing information linkages is represented by the adjacency matrix. The methodology allocates several stages: definition of the state vector of the system outputs are defined in every structural unit; and then identifies interrelationships that exist among the subsystems; further analysis of the system is determined by what exists detailing the directions of each of the subsystems. As the main three kinds of characteristics in the organizational system: the tasks performed in each of the divisions; communications that occur between tasks and have different intensity; the reasons that caused a certain type of communications. Built a matrix that contains the characteristics of relationships among named tasks performed in the departments of organizational structure. It is shown how the linear programming problem is solved on the basis of the approximate method. It is noted that the approximate method is quite easy to implement. The optimal task plan is obtained, with no limit on corporate resources.
Keywords: : parallel sorting, algorithm, data, processor.
THE SIMULATION MODELING IN THE PROBLEM OF DISTRIBUTION OF INVESTMENT RESOURCES IN THE ORGANIZATION
E. Ruzitsky, P. S. Korkin
The paper is devoted to modeling the work of the organization with the purpose of increase of efficiency of its functioning. Describes key components of model of business processes of the organization in which is implemented a set of commercial projects. Through the use of simulation modeling is shown to provide a comprehensive review of the development of the organization. The proposed model is based on the fact that you are using the performance of the system as a black box. Define all inputs and outputs for the first layer of the model, which are presented in the form of generators and terminators transaction. For the second layer analyses the main processes associated with the interaction between the organization and its contractors, that is considered material, information and financial flows. Management of financial flows is in the third layer of the model, it defines the structure of operations under accounts of accounting on the basis that there is a contractual relationship of the company and the requirements in the tax law. The article presents the simulation results, given in the simulation model parameters, it is shown that the value of the initial investment should be no less than 25% of the sales volume during the period of project implementation, which leads to the fact that the value of the risk ratio will lie in the range of 0,30-0,35.
Keywords: : management, simulation modeling, decision making.