TYPOLOGY OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT PARTICIPANTS IN THE INTERESTS OF RESOLVING CONFLICTS OF INTEREST BETWEEN THEM
S.I. Sigarev, V A. Chertov
A typology of relationships between participants in construction projects is given, aimed at resolving conflicts of interest between them. It differs from the known typologies of “common sense” in two ways. First, it is based on taking into account the formal factors of functional, resource and managerial nature that take place in the process of implementing projects of this type. Secondly, it reflects the main features of modern construction projects, namely: their pronounced economic orientation; the presence of resource, social, environmental, historical, cultural, and other restrictions; the structural complexity of the organization of a team of performers with conflicting relationships between them; a wide range of used construction, communication, fire, environmental, and other technologies. As a result of the study, a scheme is presented that identifies 16 types of possible relationships between participants in construction projects grouped by functional, managerial and resource characteristics. This typology can serve as a starting point for solving the problem of rational organization of construction work in the context of a conflict of interests and has the applied value that opens the way to the construction of mathematical models and computer software for decision support in the search for compromises between conflicting participants in construction projects.
Keywords: construction, project, conflict of interest, relationships, typology, functions, resource, management.
THE OPPORTUNITIES OF APPLICATION OF OPTIMIZATION METHODS IN PROJECT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
A.V. Shapovalov, A.P. Preobrazhenskiy, O.N. Choporov
The paper discusses problems associated with optimization of project management in organizations. The relevance of this task stems from the fact that the formation of investors ‘ portfolios is necessary to ensure the satisfaction of characteristics of projects with certain conditions. Competitiveness of organizations is due to the fact that the choice of projects is based on relevant approaches, among such approaches, there should be methodological unity. The lack of coordination on individual projects, their needs, priorities could result in a disruption of the normal modes of operation of the company, which often leads to the disruption of a large number of projects. You need to set the required priorities across the organization and consider the movement and distribution of all resources. Such problems can be a successful method solved in the framework of project portfolio management – a set of projects that may not be a technological way and implemented by the organizations to achieve its strategic goals. In this work the analysis of existing approaches in the management of projects, portfolios, demonstrated the possibility of application of methods of linear optimization. Based on the method of linear integer programming solved the problem of the selection of projects yielding the greatest financial benefit for the company. On the basis of the target integer programming when adding additional conditions under several scenarios show which projects may be selected taking into account the fact that the risk does not exceed a predetermined value. The approach may be useful in a variety of organizations in the course of determining the best portfolio.
Keywords: project portfolio, management, optimization, criteria, management, linear programming.
CREATION AND PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCEPT
OF CONTINUOUS LIFE-CYCLE MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
UDC 378, 004.942
M.V. Deev, A.G. Finogeev, A.A. Finogeev, I.N. Kolesnikov
The article analyzes the problems of life-cycle management of electronic educational resources. To solve them, it is necessary to develop a system for managing and supporting the life cycle of educational content. The aim of the work is to create a comprehensive scientific approach to the intellectual management of the stages of the life cycle of electronic educational resources with adaptive tuning to the changing requirements of standards and employers. As part of the development of the concept of managing the life cycle of electronic resources, it is proposed to develop a management model based on a detailed analysis of the life cycle model of educational content, as well as a set of indicators and an integrated assessment of the life cycle of electronic resources. The model describes the input parameters and external influences that affect the process of resource development from the beginning of development to decommissioning, the resources involved, as well as output results. The proposed indicators and integrated assessment will assess the effectiveness of the process of managing the life cycle of educational content. The developed system provides continuous management of the life cycle of electronic educational resources, adaptive updating of educational content and is included in the composition of the Smart Learning Environment, which allows to reduce costs in developing resources and to qualitatively improve educational material.
Keywords: management, CMS, life cycle, electronic educational resource, intellectual educational environment, management scheme.
CHARACTERIZATION OF GEOGRAPHICALLY RELATED ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS AND APPROACH TO INTELLECTUALIZATION OF THEIR MANAGEMENT
V.V. Goriachko, E. M. Lvovich
The article introduces a description of one of the classes of complex systems – geographically related organizational systems, widespread in the social and economic spheres. The characterization of the systems under study is given through classification features according to their belonging to territorial and industry clusters, according to the method of spatiotemporal information generation for effectiveness evaluation. A variety of combinations of these features leads to the three main tasks of geographically related organizational systems management: management of resource, productive and resource-productive interaction of objects of the main and related systems.It is represented that the mechanisms of the generation of spatio-temporal information play a special role in the intellectualization of decision-making in the listed managerial tasks. Such mechanisms are monitoring and rating. The first mechanism allows obtaining estimates of indicators characterizing the functioning of the main system objects and the results of interaction with objects of related systems in a set period of time. The second mechanism is aimed at aggregating the monitored indicators into an integrated assessment, based on which the position number of the main system object in the rating list is determined. The main fields of intellectualization of management of organizational systems class under the study, which are determined by the optimization condition of potential efficiency and require the development of problem-oriented methods for analyzing GIS-oriented spatio-temporal information and algorithms of decision-making intellectual support are substantiated.
Keywords: organizational system, management, interaction, efficiency, intellectualization, spatio-temporal information.
MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING TO IMPROVE RESOURCE EFFICIENCY OF A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION BASED ON EXPERT AND VERIFICATION EVALUATION
The article considers the models and procedures of intellectual support of managerial decision making based on optimization and expert assessment. The main attention is paid to the long-term planning of the resource efficiency increase of a non-profit organization. The development of these theories for specific managerial problems is proposed. Non-profit, non-governmental organizations, organizations of the third sector serve as synonyms for NGOs. The issues of development and functioning of non-profit organizations, their socio-economic potential, mechanisms to increase the efficiency of their activities, tools to ensure partnerships with the government, are studied by economists, sociologists, and management specialists in social and economic systems. The so-called theories of the third sector that currently exist are aimed at analyzing NGOs as a management system, and economic mechanisms that affect the functioning of social movements and organizations with the use of regression and neural network models based on monitoring and rating information. The allocation of additional costs for the implementation of measures to improve resource efficiency is proposed to be carried out using a multi-step process of optimal decision making. As a result, we have many alternative solutions. To select a rational option, an expert assessment procedure has been developed with the involvement of a group of experts and the building of an inverse rank sequence and matrix of individual weighting coefficients. The final managerial decision choice is made by the logical conditions sequentially checking and obtaining a group compromise assessment.
Keywords: resource efficiency, multivariance, management, multi-step optimization, group expert assessment, ranking.
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF OPTIMIZATION OF THE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE OF A DISTRIBUTED ENTERPRISE SYSTEM ON A CLOUD, MISTY AND EDGE TECHNOLOGIES
S.N. Sukhov, O.A. Korelov
Management decision-making in the field of law enforcement requires a systematic analysis of both the state of the control object and the capabilities of the subject. To solve a number of management problems, the effective use of mathematical modeling methods that allow you to build, and subsequently explore the information model of socio-economic processes. In the study of the constructed model, identifying patterns in the data, possible subsequent forecasting, which is an important element in decision-making in the law enforcement sector, allows to determine the most optimal mechanisms of management influence. In determining the possible negative options for the development of events, the development of intervention scenarios in order to obtain a positive result. Building a model of information processes allows us to conduct an experiment to study the phenomenon of interest to us in conditions where the natural experiment is impossible, difficult or undesirable. In addition to the complexity of the model, an independent problem is the interpretation of the result, the understanding of the practical meaning of the solutions. It should be understood that the use of mathematical modeling for the development of management solutions in the field of law enforcement is just one of the tools with limited capabilities, which should be used only in conjunction with the results of research in other areas.
Keywords: information processes, model research, law enforcement, management.
MULTI-METHOD APPROACH TO THE MODELING OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS BASED ON MONITORING DATA ANALYSIS
Y.E. Lvovich, A.V. Pitolin, G.P. Sapozhnikov
The article justifies the necessity of building various classes of mathematical models of complex systems as well as the relevance of a multi-method approach to the processing and modeling of monitoring and rating information, due to the variety of management tasks and resource efficiency optimization management of a non-profit educational organization in combination with rating management. The starting points are tentatively reduced sets of input indicators influencing the output indicators of a management unit functioning. It is based on time series forecasting on the base of additive and elementary functions. The dependence of the output performance on the input ones is determined by the regression model with the inclusion of time variables. The transition from a regression model to a neural network model is carried out, to improve the accuracy of forecasting for the purpose of managerial decision making at a certain planning horizon. The transformation procedure of initial time series into statistical samples of their prognostic estimates followed by randomized training sample development is proposed. The paper also demonstrates that the multi-method approach to the modelling provides a solution to a number of tasks concerning complex systems resource efficiency management.
Keywords: forecasting, modeling, management, resource efficiency, randomization
ANALYSIS OF APPROACHES USED FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS
A.V. Shapovalov, A.P. Preobrazhenskiy, O.N. Choporov
The paper discusses the features of solving problems related to the processes of project management in organizations. The characteristics of companies using the project approach are given. The formulation of the problem associated with the choice of projects from a variety of alternatives is given. It is demonstrated how the characteristics of the projects are evaluated. The strategy of the organization affects the maximum number of project options possible with the formed portfolio of projects. The methodology and approaches used in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of projects: the method of multi-criteria evaluation, linear programming model 0-1 Integer, integer programming model. In order to effectively manage project portfolios, it is proposed to select a set of parameters from the point of view of which there should be an assessment of projects and their portfolios in the process of deciding on the inclusion of projects in portfolios or in the selection of portfolios. Project optimization models in companies are based on the methodology of operations research. Through a combination of optimization methods and decision-making methods, you can select the desired set of projects that lead to maximum benefit. Restrictions in the formed multicriteria problem can be different, for example technological, resource.
Keywords: :project, management, project portfolio, optimization methods.
MANAGEMENT OF FUNDS ALLOCATION OF AN EDUCATIONAL
The article presents the expert optimization approach to improving the efficiency of funds allocation management in an educational organization, which is a combination of intelligent technologies, analytical and numerical methods. It is suggested that managerial decisions should be focused on the objectives of funds allocation and development strategy of the educational organization. Achievement of these goals is provided by the use of expert-optimization approach in the tasks of funds allocation between the budgeting objects. The functional funds allocation among school business processes is carried out with the use of an expert knowledge model of transforming the results of a SWOT analysis of building membership functions of vague relationships. The budget allocation of income and expenses between the centers of financial reporting is implemented on the basis of expert assessment with the use of linguistic variables and a formalized model of multi-alternative optimization. For the allocation of the investment budget among the educational organization development projects, a preliminary expert analysis of management accounting mechanisms with a transition to the multi-alternative optimization task is used.
Keywords: :management, funds allocation, expert-optimization approach, linguistic variables, management accounting, multi-alternative optimization.
MODELING OF COUNTERACTION TO DESTRUCTIVE INFLUENCE IN SOCIAL NETWORKS
V. A. Minaev, M. P. Sychev, L.S. Kulikov, E.V. Vaitz
In the last decade, the activity of both foreign centers and various groups of influences within the country on the organization of destructive impacts on Russian society and its social groups, especially youth, in order to destabilize the domestic political, socio-economic and criminal situation has significantly increased in social networks. That is why in the Doctrine of information security of the Russian Federation information and psychological effects (IPE) are called important negative factors affecting the state of information security (IS). In this regard, the creation of models to counter destructive information impacts (DII) of manipulative nature in social networks, assessment and forecasting of their impact on social groups are at the present stage actual management tasks. The system-dynamic model of information counteraction of DII in social networks is considered. Its application for the purposes of counteraction to information terrorism, extremism and other destructive influences on modern society by means of information networks is proved. The description of the model in the form of flowcharts in the designations of system dynamics is given. Systems of differential equations are shown. Simulation experiments with models using the promising Anylogic platform were carried out. The model make it possible to forecast DII taking into account the factor of counteraction in social networks, to play different scenarios of the dynamics of these interrelated processes.
Keywords: : simulation modeling, destructive information impact, counteraction, management, social network.