GRAMMATICAL APPROACH TO THE DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE GOALS OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
A. V. Ganicheva, A. V. Ganichev
The relevance of the study is due to the complexity and importance of the problem of definition and description of goals in the educational process. The importance of solving this problem is determined by the fact that without the correct formulation and coordination of the goals of the educational organization it is impossible to operate any educational institution. Currently implemented in the education system competence approach puts forward new, increased requirements for goal-setting, including the ultimate effectiveness of the goals. To describe the hierarchical structure of the goals it is necessary to formalize them (to build a mathematical model of the goals). Currently, there is no universal method for developing such models. The article describes the method of description and analysis of the educational process using the mathematical apparatus of formal KS-grammars. As an example of application of the developed method the grammar for the description of the purposes of departments within interdisciplinary training is constructed. Shows an example of the grammar chain for the hive dependencies. The tree of syntactic subordination is constructed. The materials of the article are of practical value, as they can be used not only in the educational process and other areas of the social sphere (culture, health, etc.), but also in the systems of industrial and economic sphere.
Keywords: : purpose, task, formal grammar, bush of dependences, conclusion tree, tree of syntactic submission.