OPTIMIZATION OF TRAINING COMPONENTS IN THE FIELD OF OPERATION OF AIR TRANSPORT ON THE BASIS OF EXPERT ANALYSIS WITH ORIENTATION ON THE MODEL-ORIENTED APPROACH
At present, the requirements to the quality of training of specialists are increasing, which determines the need to restructure the goals and content of training. The difficulties of constructing the optimal sequence of training lead to the need for a model of the content of training, which is a complex structure that includes the components of the system, as well as bilateral and multilateral ties between them. The content of the training is presented in the form of a hierarchical system, the basic task of which is to evaluate higher levels, taking into account the interaction of different levels of the hierarchy, and not directly dependent on the elements at these levels. Each element of the target tree under consideration is characterized by a coefficient of relative importance that determines the proportion of the contribution of this element to the achievement of a goal common to the whole system, which are determined using one of the expert methods, the paired comparison method. Based on the constructed goal tree, which forms the content of training, the main components of the learning process are developed. The sequence presented determines the fulfillment of all the most important requirements to the profile of training the specialist as a whole, as well as the preparation of the necessary base for studying any discipline. Formation of the optimal sequence of studying the components of educational programs is carried out on the basis of the implementation of the algorithm of optimization choice.
Keywords: content of training, learning elements, goal tree, matrix of logical connections, coefficients of relative importance.