THE TECHNIQUE OF CALCULATION THE PARAMETERS OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC THE FIELDS SCATTERED BY THE BODY WITH COMPLEX FORM IN THE NEAR ZONE
The paper is based on the methodology that uses the representation of an object of complex shape as a set of facets, we investigate the characteristics of scattered by this object in its near zone. It is shown how, using the calculated data to explore the effect of the spatial configuration of the field on the accuracy of measurement of angular coordinates of the object. The calculated dependence of the relative field amplitude of the object and the plate from the corner for the near zone to the far zone. The graphical analysis of the dependencies shows that in addition to monotonic attenuation length fields exist oscillating damped oscillations. It is believed that the antenna is moved around the object at random are averaged over all viewing angles characteristics of the scattered field. After calculating the parameters of the distribution law of a random variable from section to section, we can conclude about how changing the process in time. The analysis demonstrates that when we move from the far zone to the near, there is a shift of peak values of amplitudes and is an extension of the main lobe of the secondary radiation. The histograms of the distributions of amplitudes and phases of a complex object, after analysis it was found that the distribution of instantaneous values of the amplitudes of the scattered field by the object is described by Rayleigh. If we consider the distribution of the instantaneous phase of the scattered field, the shape of the histogram is close in form to the histogram of a uniform law. The analysis of the results allows to assert that the regularities of the distribution of values of amplitudes and phases of the scattered field related to the far and near zones will be the same.
Keywords: complex object, electromagnetic wave, near zone, scattering, diffraction.