COMPUTER DIAGNOSTICS OF GENETICALLY DETERMINED ABILITIES TO PRACTICE CERTAIN KIND OF SPORT ON THE BASIS OF ANALYSIS OF FINGER DERMATOGLYPHICS FEATURES
E.N. Radchenko, V.N. Kalaev, A.P. Preobrazhensky, D.E. Strakhov, I.Y. Lvovich,
I.E. Popova, A.V. Sysoev
The method of computer diagnostics of genetically determined abilities to practice certain kind of sport based on the study of dermatoglyphic fingerprints using the program “Sports specialization of athletes based on features of finger dermatoglyphics” (reg. Number: 2018614779)is described in article. The program was developed by the authors and is based on algorithms created as a result of the analysis of the work of Russian specialists studying the characteristics of dermatoglyphic patterns of athletes. According to the results of computer diagnostics, it is possible to identify people with genetically determined abilities to practice certain sports (for boys – football, volleyball, basketball, rowing and speed skating; for girls – swimming, skiing, aerobics, rhythmic gymnastics, taekwondo and fencing), allowing them to achieve significant success in their kind of sport. Testing is carried out on the basis of analysis of easily determined dermatoglyphic characteristics (dermatoglyphic phenotype, total delta index and total ridge score). The use of computer diagnostics can significantly improve the efficiency of selection to sports facilities and the effectiveness of the trainer’s work. The method is not invasive, safe, does not require special education, significant investment of time and money, has no age limit and can be used in children. This is significant advantage of the method, because in order to achieve high sports results it is necessary to start training at an early age.
Keywords: program, dermatoglyphics, sport, specialization, delta index, crest count, pattern.
PREDICTING THE EMERGENCE AND RECURRENCE OF BRAIN STROKE BASED ON HYBRID FUZZY MODELS
N.A. Korenevskiy, A.V. Bykov, E.V. Tsymbal, V.V. Aksenov, D.S. Rodionov
The work is devoted to the actual problem of improving the quality and efficiency of predicting the occurrence and recurrence of brain stroke by using the methodology of synthesis of hybrid fuzzy mathematical models developed at the Department of biomedical engineering of Southwestern state University.In the course of the conducted research the space of informative signs was formed in three subgroups: data of surveys and examinations; instrumental methods of research; Doppler ultrasound (27 signs in total). In accordance with the General methodology for the synthesis of hybrid fuzzy decision rules using informative features as basic variables in the interactive mode, the corresponding functions of belonging to the classes of high risk of occurrence and recurrence of brain stroke for which, using modified models E. Shortlife synthesized final predictive model.As a result of expert evaluation and mathematical modeling, it was shown that the obtained models of occurrence and recurrence of brain stroke provide confidence in the correct prognosis at the level of 0.9 and higher, depending on the amount and quality of information collected about the patient’s condition. This quality indicator was confirmed during statistical tests on representative control samples, which allows to recommend them for use in the practice of vascular surgeons and angiologists.
Keywords: astroke, cerebral membership function, the confidence in the decision being taken, the prognosis.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE FIELD OF SECONDARY SOURCES THE ACOUSTIC WAVE WHEN PASSING THROUGH THE BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
N.N. Chernov, N.P. Zagray, M.V. Laguta, A.Y. Varenikova
The paper gives the substantiation of the relevance of the use of nonlinearity of biological tissues in the development of methods of ultrasonic visualization of internal structures. The equations underlying the interaction of an acoustic wave with a nonlinear biological medium are considered. As the basic equation describing the passage of an acoustic wave, the equation of a simple wave was accepted. It was chosen due to the fact that at small distances, about ten centimeters attenuation of the acoustic signal is not considered. The paper gives its description and boundary conditions. On its basis, an equation describing the field of secondary sources inside a heterogeneous biological medium consisting of several layers with different values of the nonlinear parameter is obtained. As a parameter of the acoustic wave, on the basis of which the restoration of the distribution of the nonlinear parameter of biotissue can be carried out, the vibrational velocity was chosen. A numerical simulation of the distribution of the amplitude values of the oscillatory velocity field of the second harmonic wave for this medium is carried out. The calculations used a three-dimensional coordinate system. For the convenience of calculations and presentation of the results, the thickness of the biological heterogeneous tissue was minimized relative to the z coordinate. the results of the calculations are presented in the form of a matrix of the distribution of the values of the vibrational velocity in the plane. The analysis of the obtained results of numerical simulation is carried out.
Keywords: ultrasound imaging, tomography, nonlinear parameter, field of secondary sources.
MODEL PLANE-DIAGNOSING ENVIRONMENTS DURING LANDING OF AN AIRCRAFT, THE HELICOPTER TYPE
V.G. Mashkov, V.А. Malyshev, V.P. Strazhnik
The relevance of the study is due to the need to create a radar system for landing a helicopter-type aircraft on an unprepared site with the possibility sensing the underlying surface (landing site), determining the parameters and characteristics plane-layered media and issuing information to the flight crew about the possibility of landing or lack thereof. Regular means installed on helicopter – type aircraft are currently not able to provide the flight crew with information about the underlying surface (landing site) such as snow depth, ice thickness and so on commensurate with the actual load and weight of the helicopter-type aircraft. A variant using the midpoint method related to the bistatic diagnostic method is based on measurements of the time delay between the direct wave and the subsurface layer reflected from the base, which is a function its thickness. The data obtained, under certain conditions, allow to restore the geometric and electrophysical parameters of the layered structure. However, there are a number of factors in the diagnosis of plane-layered media by bistatic methods, which make a significant contribution to the total error, especially due to a slight longitudinal heterogeneity, or a weak dispersion even one the layers the structure, which cannot be considered in the simulation. Then, in the diagnosis real plane-layered structures based on bistatic data, the error in determining the thickness of the layers and electrophysical parameters increases.
Keywords: plane-medium; subsurface sensing; landing of the helicopter; a landing place; an unprepared area.
MODELING IN A 3D PACKAGE AND BIOMECHANICAL STUDY THE CONDITION OF BLOOD VESSELS FEEDING THE BRAIN
G. Basharova, P.I. Begun, O.V. Tikhonenkova
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. A serious problem of modern medicine is the creation of effective methods of treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Mathematical modeling and numerical calculations of blood flow in a network of vessels with pathologies play an increasing role in their development. They allow to predict surgical operations, to optimize the form of implants, to investigate their effects on hemodynamics. The article discusses the development of algorithm and methodology for assessment of blood vessels that feed the brain is normal, the pathological changes and the correction. To implement this: 1) built a conceptual model of brachiocephalic arteries that supply the brain; 2) sections of computer tomograms built computer geometrical models of the blood vessels of the patients; 3) constructed computer models and the analysis of the flow of blood flow in blood vessels; 4) an analysis of the impact of atherosclerotic deposits on the hemodynamics in the circle Millisievert; 5) an algorithm and a method of studying the stress – strain state of blood vessels during dilation and stenting have been developed. The results of the study can be used as an additional diagnostic tool in the analysis of cerebral circulation in specific anatomical cases or in the case of planning operations with blockage of several arteries.
Keywords: brachiocephalic arteries, blood flow, stenosis, computer modeling,
THE OPTIMIZATION OF TRANSPORT NETWORK’S ROUTES FOR SNOW CLEANING PROCESS ON THE EXAMPLE OF TOMSK CITY
M.S. Krutko, T.E. Grigorieva
The optimization of snow cleaning routes was conducted using the example of Tomsk city in order to minimize idling and disturbing of vehicle traffic. It that regard routes of the Tomsk snow-removing vehicles are described, the analysis of which showed that they are not the best. The graph theory is proposed to be applied in order to construct an optimal route of snow removal vehicles, because transport network is a connected oriented graph. Specifically, the lowest total length of the Hamiltonian contour is searched using the traveling salesman problem with branch and bound algorithm. The approved snow removal regulations are considered, when selecting the optimal route. According to these regulations the first category streets should be cleaned in 4 hours, the streets of category II – in 8 hours, the streets of category III – in 12 hours. Based on calculations, the obtained optimal route theoretically can improve the process of snow removal in the city. Moreover, construction of route’s graph is not tied to specifics of the city streets location, so this optimization can be considered universal. It should not only reduce the time of harvesting snow in general, but also reduce the time of building routes themselves.
Keywords: snow cleaning, routes, optimization, graphs.
PREDICTION OF EYE-DIAGRAM PARAMETERS FROM TRANSIENT AND GAIN-FREQUENCY CHARACTERISTICS USING NEURAL NETWORK
A capability of prediction of the eye-diagram width and height with using artificial neural network (ANN) was investigated. For this purpose, were simulated more than 750 examples of telecommunication channels with different transfer functions. Eye-diagrams were composed for all examples by means of convolution of random pulse sequence and pulse response and parameters of these eye-diagrams were measured. Some ANN was learned. Their input variables were transient characteristic delay time, raise time, magnitude of voltage peak and oscillation duration as well as a gain value at the half of clock rate. For each of predicted parameters distinct ANN was chosen for different ranges of input variables. Root mean square errors of eye-diagram parameters prediction using these ANN were in the range of 2 – 4%. Correlation coefficient of predicted and known values was more then 0,98. Sufficient decreasing of computational time is achieved compare with estimation of the eye width and height using eye-diagram modeling. This method can be used for optimization of communication channel characteristics when eye-diagram parameters are the components of the goal function.
Keywords: eye-diagram, transient characteristic, gain-frequency characteristic, neural network, approximation.
OPTIMIZATION MODELING OF THE SYSTEM FUNCTIONING OF HOMOGENEOUS OBJECTS IN A MULTI-ASPECT DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT
This paper introduces the characterization of a homogeneous objects system and as well as its inter- and intra- functionality. It is proposed a classification scheme for digitalization and optimization of the system functioning of homogeneous objects It is demonstrated that digital transformation causes to create multi-aspect environment with many mathematical models. These models characterize the communication with the managing center, with the external environment and with the components of internal functioning. The necessity of constructing invariant and aspect-oriented optimization models for solving resource and structural problems ensuring the efficiency of the functioning of homogeneous objects and satisfaction of the performance indicators of the objects of the external environment is substantiated.
Keywords: digitalization, multidimensional digital environment, mathematical models, resource and structural optimization.
EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF MOVING MODEL LIQUID FOR OPTOACOUSTIC FLOW
D.V. Orda-Zhigulina, M.V. Orda-Zhigulina, I.B. Starchenko,
In modern biomedical research we can see the tendency using more and more non-invasive technologies using new diagnostic method based on the safe for human physical effects, for example, optoacoustic effect. In this paper described the experimental set for studying the spectrum of acoustic signal in a stationary and moving model liquid using nanosized objects as contrast agents while optoacoustic transformation. Optoacoustic medical methods are hybrid technique of diagnostics using ultrasonic and laser methods in the same time for study biological objects by draw conclusions about investigated objects the objects through the form of the temporal realization of the signal. Investigated objects in optoacoustic methods are tissues and substances that are capable of absorbing and reflecting light waves including biological fluids and tissues, for example, blood refers. In this paper gived a detailed description of the experimental set. As a result of the experiment the spectral characteristics of the acoustic signal for a stationary and moving liquid were obtained. The results were discussed and conclusions were made about the influence of the flow velocity on the total acoustic field resulting from the optoacoustic transformation. The experimental set and the results obtained can be useful to check theoretical calculations for development of optoacoustic flow cytometry technology.
Keywords: optoacoustic effect, flow cytometry, acoustic signal, carbon nanotubes, laser sound excitation, experimental studies.
METHODS OF DETERMINING OBJECTIVE FUNCTION ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS
T. E. Smolentseva
The paper analyzes the methods of determining the objective function in hierarchical multi-level organizational systems with the identification of regulatory parameters. Evaluation of the functioning process is carried out according to the regulatory parameters at certain times. To determine the necessary measure of the space of standards, we monitor the dynamics of changes in these values at the time of planning due to the speed of their change. The possibility of optimizing the structure of complex systems, which involves the implementation of a uniform distribution between employees of hierarchical multi-level complex systems: functional tasks, the distribution of resources and raw materials. As an example, the optimization distribution of functional tasks of employees of organizational systems is considered. This method has several limitations on the distribution of functional tasks between employees, in this case it is necessary to use the balancing method, which integrates the indicators by expanding and allows you to more effectively solve this problem. The problem of multi-criteria evaluation of the efficiency of complex organizational systems is considered. To solve this problem, we propose the definition of the integral criterion for evaluating the functioning and the determination of the weight coefficients of the relative importance of local parameters that determine the strategy of management of the organization, as well as the use of additive incentive systems that determine the level of achievement of normative values of functioning in the systems under consideration.
Keywords: intensity function, the weights of relative importance, the maximum of the target function.